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HISTORY OF DIAMOND

HISTORY OF DIAMOND

  • The sparkle, brilliance, beauty and hardness of diamonds make them unsurpassed as gems.
  • In the symbolism of gemstones, the diamond represents love.
  • The name diamond derives from the ancient Greek adamas, meaning invincible.
  •  Most natural diamonds are formed at high temperature and pressure at depths of 140 to 190 kilometers (87 to 118 mi) in the Earth’s mantle.
  • The growth occurs over periods from 1 billion to 3.3 billion years brought close to the Earth’s surface through deep volcanic eruptions.

Dating from the 4th century BC diamonds were traded to both the east and west of India and were recognized by various cultures.

Even though India had remained the only major source of the gemstone until the discovery of diamonds in Brazil in 1725, diamonds eventually spread throughout the world.

The popularity of diamonds has risen since the nineteenth century because of increased supply, growth in the world economy, improved cutting and polishing techniques, and innovative and successful advertising campaigns.

In the 1860s in South Africa The modern era of diamond mining began.

In 1869 on a farm belonging to the De Beers brothers they found a 83.50 carat diamond, this sparked off the famous “New Rush”.

Today, annual global rough diamond production is estimated to be about 130 million carat.

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