You may be starting to recognize at this time that not all diamonds are created equal. You may now also be starting to understand why two diamonds that are the same size can have vastly different price tags. In this blog we are going to review just what diamond clarity means.
Because diamonds are natural materials, all have some sort of flaw or inclusion. Even the supposedly labeled "flawless diamond." As with many of the other ratings that we have looked at, diamonds are graded on a scale so the consumer understands exactly the quality of diamond they are purchasing. When diamonds are graded, they are graded with a loupe that magnifies the diamond 10x. The clarity of diamonds can ultimately be broken into one of two categories: diamonds with visible inclusions, and diamonds with no visible inclusions, if you had a choice, it would always be better to opt for the no visible inclusion in a diamond for obvious reasons.
Inclusions can refer to any type of demarcation on the diamond. This can include any cracks, air bubbles, carbon and minerals that are not related to the diamond. From this, it can easily be inferred that the less inclusions a diamond has, the higher quality and ultimately more expensive it will be. Blemishes refer to any scratches, nicks, pits, a natural, a trigon and a polishing line.
Diamonds that have inclusions that are visible to the eye have a clarity of either I1, I2 or I3. I3 diamonds are diamonds that are heavily included; I1 diamonds are diamonds that may have either one or two very small inclusions. A diamond that is rated FL is considered to be flawless when magnified 10x, IF is Internally Flawless which indicates that only blemishes can be seen from a 10x magnification, VVS1 and VVS2 are diamonds that have inclusions that are difficult to see under 10x magnifications, VS1 and VS2 are diamonds that have flaws which are seen under 10x magnification but are considered to be minor, SI1 and SI2 are diamonds that have inclusions that are apparent under 10x magnification and as we already mentioned, the I1, I2 and I3 are the diamonds that have visible inclusions.
Stay tuned for our next blog on the last of the 4 C’s (and perhaps the most fun of all) carat weight! As you can probably infer, many of these items that make up the different grades of diamonds are a balancing act. You have to give on certain items in order to get more on others.